AVIA Goriska Brda, Slovenia
Avia Wines are passionately and proudly made from grapes grown in the Western part of the beautiful country of Slovenia near the Eastern border of Italy’s Collio Region. Our grapes are hand harvested, and the majority of our wines are 100% varietal and Estate Bottled. Modern technology combines with centuries of grape growing and wine making experience resulting in our fine selection of wines. Our wines reflect the land and hearts and passion of the growers and winemakers.
Viticulture is the way of life in the Brda area. Almost every family living here cultivates a small vineyard, where they also grow cherry and olive trees. In Slovenia, around 50% of vineyards are on rather steep slopes where the incline is between 16% and 30%. Almost 21% of vineyards are on the slopes where the incline is more than 31% and they represent so called “heroic winegrowing”.
On average, the producers own 2-3ha vineyards, positioned on steep hills, with no possibility of irrigation, or machine work. That is why most of the activities in the vineyards have to be carried out manually, with a lot of attention to natural circles and quality control. Besides being a way of life and a job, cultivating vines contributes to richness of cultural landscape and to (sustainable) development of remote rural areas.
Region & Vineyard Notes
Located at the foot of the Julian Alps, Brda finds itself wedged between snow-capped mountain peaks and sun-baked Adriatic coastline. The name Brda translates literally as 'hills', and the area fits snugly around the sub-alpine topography here. Just 72km separate the highest peak of the alps from Montefalco on the Gulf of Trieste. Located half-way between the two, Brda experiences the climatic effects of each.
Brda vineyards typically enjoy a warm environment, freshened by winds from either the sea or the Alps. Rainfall is higher here than on the coast, thanks to Brda's proximity to the sea.
The local geology means that the soils around Brda are mostly the product of orological erosion. Well-drained shale, marl and sandstone are common, and form often loosely-knit soils, making terracing necessary in many areas.